Diabetes is a disease identified when blood glucose and A1c (measure of glucose stuck to hemoglobin in blood) levels are higher than normal range. Glucose (sugar) is a valuable source of energy for muscle contractions and brain function. Insulin is a hormone that – when released in proportion to the amount of glucose in blood – promotes the removal of glucose from the blood into body tissues. Type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent) is caused due to the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) occurs when blood glucose becomes too high because the cells become desensitized to insulin (known as Insulin Resistance).
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) more than 23 million people in America have diabetes, with an estimated 7 million additional undiagnosed cases. The Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) claims that 90-95% are Type 2 diabetics.
Non-insulin diabetes is a disease that develops over time. If ignored the following risk factors can lead to diabetes.
– Diet high in sugar and refined carbohydrates
– Higher distribution of abdominal fat
– Family History
Signs & Symptoms
Look for signs and symptoms of diabetes. Failure to treat diabetes can lead to irreversible damage to the body. If your lifestyle resembles any of the previous ‘risk factors’ be sure to be aware of the following signs for potential diabetes.
– Increased thirst
– Frequent urination
– Increased hunger
– Weight Loss (in spite of increased hunger)
– Blurred vision
– Slow-healing sores
– Frequent infections
– Patches of darkened skin
Detrimental Health Risks
If diabetes is left untreated you are at risk of developing any/all of the follow severe medical conditions. In some of these conditions the damage may be permanent.
– Cardiovascular complications including heart attack and stroke.
– Neuropathy (nerve damage; predominantly in the extremities)
– Kidney damage
– Diabetic retinopathy (leading to permanent blindness)
– Inability to heal wounds
Even if you have type 2 diabetes you can still slow the detrimental effects, or even reverse the disease, by adhering to the following.
Exercise – Moderate intensity for 30 minutes 4-5 days per week
Proper diet – Avoid processed and sugary foods, increase lean protein sources and vegetables
Blood monitoring – Track blood sugar to gauge effectiveness of diet and exercise
Medication – take you prescribed medication as needed and keep you doctor informed.
Contact Active Bodies TODAY to learn more about how to manage and potentially reverse your type 2 diabetes.